During Trial

During Trial

You are have a right to a fair trial; this means that:

  1. You must be treated as innocent until the contrary is proved beyond reasonable doubt by the prosecution.
  2. You must be present in court; however, the court is allowed to proceed in your absence if by your conduct, you make it impossible for the trial to go on in your presence.
  3. You must be tried in the presence of the public, before a court established under this Constitution. However, sometimes the court may exclude the press or members of the public from attending your case for lawful reasons such as protecting the identity and dignity of witnesses or vulnerable persons such as children, preserving morality, public order or national security.
  4. The Court must begin and conclude trial without unreasonable delay;
  5. You must be informed of the charge, in sufficient detail to be able to answer it; this means that the prosecution must inform you in advance of the evidence they intend to rely on and that they must allow you to have reasonable access to that evidence;
  6. You have a right to remain silent, and not to testify during the proceedings or to refuse to give self-incriminating evidence
  7. You have a right to be assisted by an interpreter without payment if you cannot understand the language use at the trial; in the interest of justice, a court may allow an intermediary to assist a complainant or an accused person to communicate with the court.
  8. You must be informed that you can be represented by an advocate.
  9. You must be allowed to choose your own advocate.
  10. You must be informed that substantial injustice might occur if you are not represented
  11. You must be assigned an advocate at State expense if substantial injustice might otherwise occur
  12. You must be allowed adequate time and facilities to prepare a defence
  13. You have a right to challenge the evidence presented by the prosecution;
  14. You have a right to ask for a copy of the record of the proceedings, during the trial and within a reasonable period after they are concluded, in return for a reasonable fee as prescribed by law.
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